Coprinellus disseminatus (Fairy Inkcap): Benefits & Identification

CC 3.0 Dan Molter

The non-inky coprinus, Coprinellus disseminatus (Pers.) J.E. Lange.

Synonyms

Agaricus disseminatus Pers.
Syn. meth. fung. (Göttingen) 2: 403 (1801)
Agaricus disseminatus Pers.
Syn. meth. fung. (Göttingen) 2: 403 (1801) var. disseminatus
Agaricus striatus sensu Sowerby [Col. Fig. Engl. Fung. Vol. 2, pl. 166 (1798)]
fide Checklist of Basidiomycota of Great Britain and Ireland (2005)
Coprinarius disseminatus (Pers.) P. Kumm.
Führ. Pilzk. (Zwickau): 68 (1871)
Coprinus disseminatus (Pers.) Gray
Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. (London) 1: 634 (1821)
Psathyrella disseminata (Pers.) Quél.
Mém. Soc. Émul. Montbéliard, Sér. 2 5: 123 (1872)
Pseudocoprinus disseminatus (Pers.) Kühner
Le Botaniste 20: 156 (1928)

Common names

Non-inky coprinus
Fairy bonnet
Little helmets
Crumble cap

Description

Cap: 0.5-2 cm diameter, conic to campanulate, yellow-brown to grey-brown, striate or with pleats over the margin; covered with minute glistening particles when young, but glabrous when mature. Flesh very soft, thin, pale buff.
Gills: adnate or free, distant, narrow, white when young, grey to black in age, not deliquescing to the same extent as other Coprinellus species.
Stem: 2-4 cm long, 0.1-0.2 cm thick, equal, curved, surface smooth to slightly scurfy, white, hollow.
Odor and taste: not distinctive.
Spore print: black.
Spores: elliptical, smooth, thick-walled, with an apical pore, nonamyloid, 7-10 x 4-6 µm.
Habitat: found growing gregariously in dense troops on well-rotted wood or buried wood, or at the base of standing dead trees. Fruiting in spring, summer and fall.
Edibility: edible (i.e., non-poisonous) but small and insubstantial.

Fruiting bodies are very fragile and likely to crumble on contact.

Medicinal properties

Antitumor effects

Extracts of the mycelial culture of Coprinellus disseminatus inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in human cervical carcinoma cells by activation of caspase, a key protein involved in the regulation of apoptosis (Han et al., 1999).

Polysaccharides extracted from the mycelial culture of C. disseminatus and administered intraperitoneally into white mice at a dosage of 300 mg/kg inhibited the growth of Sarcoma 180 and Ehrlich solid cancers by 100% and 90%, respectively (Ohtsuka et al., 1973).

The Truth About Medicinal Mushrooms

Medicinal Mushrooms

Medicinal Mushrooms are great. One of the few supplements I feel confident taking that actually has benefits. Most of the supplement industry is selling you on placebo, but I don't feel that's the case with medicinal mushrooms. HOWEVER; a large portion of the Mushroom Industry is corrupt. ​Come read this article if you want to find out the Dirty Secret in the Mushroom Industry and how to choose an Authentic Mushroom Supplement.

Links

Mushroom Expert
California Fungi

References

Han BY, Toyomasu T, Shinozawa T.
Induction of apoptosis by Coprinus disseminatus mycelial culture broth extract in human cervical carcinoma cells.
Cell Structure and Function 24(4):209-15.

Ohtsuka S, Ueno S, Yoshikumi C, Hirose F, Ohmura Y, Wada T, Fujii T, Takahashi E.
Polysaccharides having an anticarcinogenic effect and a method of producing them from species of Basidiomycetes.
 UK Patent 1331513, 26 September 1973.

4 thoughts on “Coprinellus disseminatus (Fairy Inkcap): Benefits & Identification”

  1. Hi. I am growing an above ground garden with four lima bean plants and I see a couple of these mushrooms growing. Do they need to be removed? I am noticing two of the plants are dying but I don’t know if it is from these mushrooms as I just found them today. Please respond ASAP

    Reply

Leave a Comment

Advertisements