The scurfy twiglet, Tubaria furfuracea (Pers.) Gillet.
Agaricus furfuraceus Pers.
Syn. meth. fung. (Göttingen) 2: 454 (1801)
Naucoria furfuracea (Pers.) P. Kumm.
Führ. Pilzk. (Zwickau): 77 (1871)
Cap: 1-4 cm diameter, convex at first, becoming flattened or centrally depressed; tan to cinnamon and striate from margin inwards when moist, drying pale buff and slightly scurfy.
Stem: 2-5 cm tall, 2-4 mm diameter, more or less concolorous with the cap; base covered in white mycelia; flesh thin and fragile.
Taste and smell: not distinctive.
Gills: broad, distant, adnate to subdecurrent.
Spores: elliptical with rounded apex, 6-8.5 x 4-6 µm.
Spore print: pale ochre.
Habitat: found in groups or troops on twigs and woody debris all year, usually autumn to early winter; common.
Polysaccharides extracted from the mycelial culture of T. furfuracea and administered intraperitoneally into white mice at a dosage of 300 mg/kg inhibited the growth of Sarcoma 180 and Ehrlich solid cancers by 80% and 90%, respectively (Ohtsuka et al., 1973).
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