Ramaria aurea

Synonyms

Clavaria aurea Schaeff.
Corallium aurea (Schaeffer per Fries)

Common name

Golden coral
Golden clavaria
Goldgelbe Koralle (German)
Kuřátka zlatá (Czech)

Description

Fruit bodies: up to 10 cm high, up to 7 cm wide, repeatedly branched; yellow or ochraceous.
Stem:
single to fasciculate, stout, smooth, elastic, white or near-white, usually with more than one fruit body formed from a single point. Major branches numerous, concolorous to stipe
Spores:
sub-cylindrical, rough in outline 8-15 x 3-6 µm.
Spore deposit: ochreaceous.
Habitat: grows on the ground in mixed woods.
Edibility: avoid-causes gastrointestinal disturbances in some individuals.

Seen in late summer and early fall during wet seasons.

This species is similar in appearance to several of the other Ramaria, and usually examination of microscopic characteristics is required for absolute identification. See Petersens’ paper (1974) for a detailed description of microscopic features.

Ramaria aurea Black and White
Ramaria aurea (as Clavaria aurea) from Burt’s paper (1922).
Ramaria aurea in the wild
Another view of the golden coral.

Anti-tumor properties

Polysaccharides extracted from the mycelial culture of R. aurea and administered intraperitoneally into white mice at a dosage of 300 mg/kg inhibited the growth of Sarcoma 180 and Ehrlich solid cancers by 60% (Ohtsuka et al., 1973).

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Web

George Barron’s fungi website has a page on the golden coral.

References

Burt EA.
The North American species of Clavaria with illustrations of the type specimens.
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 1922 9(1):1-78.

Ohtsuka S, Ueno S, Yoshikumi C, Hirose F, Ohmura Y, Wada T, Fujii T, Takahashi E.
Polysaccharides having an anticarcinogenic effect and a method of producing them from species of Basidiomycetes.
UK Patent 1331513, 26 September 1973.

Petersen RH.
Contribution toward a monograph of Ramaria. I. Some classic species redescribed.
Am J Bot. 1974 61(7):739-748.

Razaq A, Shahzad S.
Ramaria aurea
, a new record from Pakistan.
Pakistan J Bot. 2005 37(2):493-4.

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