Clavaria purpurea (Fr.)
Syst. mycol. (Lundae) 1: 480 (1821)
Bul. Torrey Bot. Club 25:326 (1898)
Clavaria occidentalis Zeller
Mycologia 21:97 (1929)
Clavaria fumosoides Kauffman
Pap. Michigan Acad. 8:145 (1929)
Phylogenetic analysis of ribosomal DNA sequences from a variety of clavarioid fungi strongly suggest that this fungus be placed in its own separate genus, Alloclavaria (Dentinger and McLaughlin, 2006).
Purple fairy club
Purple squid mushroom
Kyjanka purpurová (Czech)
Purpurgrå køllesvamp (Danish)
Purppuranuijakkaat Purppura (Finnish)
Clavaire pourprée (French)
Gråfiolett køllesopp (Norwegian)
Goździeniec purpurowy (Polish)
Клавария пурпурная (Russian)
Kyjačik purpurový (Slovak)
Fruiting body: variable in size – up to 15 cm tall x 2-8 mm thick, elongate-fusoid, unbranched, often flattened on one side or grooved, usually crooked and twisted; color various shades of purple, brown or smoky, color fading with age, paler or whitish towards base, sometimes with white mycelium; hymenial portion minutely pruinose; flesh white or purplish.
Spores: ellipsoid, fusoid to obovate, hyaline, smooth, thin-walled, 7-9.5 x 3.5-5.5 µm.
Odor and taste: mild.
Edibility: edible but insubstantial.
Habitat: single, caespitose or gregarious, found on ground in coniferous forests, often in moss and near spruce and fir; fruiting in spring to early fall.
Polysaccharides extracted from the mycelial culture of A. purpureaand administered intraperitoneally into white mice at a dosage of 300 mg/kg inhibited the growth of Sarcoma 180 and Ehrlich solid cancers by 80% and 70%, respectively (Ohtsuka et al., 1973).
Coker WC. (1974).
The Club and Coral Mushrooms (Clavarias) of the United States and Canada.
Courier Dover Publications. 209 pp.
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Ohtsuka S, Ueno S, Yoshikumi C, Hirose F, Ohmura Y, Wada T, Fujii T, Takahashi E.
Polysaccharides having an anticarcinogenic effect and a method of producing them from species of Basidiomycetes.
UK Patent 1331513, 26 September 1973.